Sunday night, I posted about the wealth inequality for women of color here in the U.S. Another report I was turned on to is from October 2009, and it tells the tale of women in general, in the U.S. and around the world. The 2009 Global Gender Gap report of the World Economic Forum provides a ranking of countries around the world. According to the report itself:
“The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups…
“There are three basic concepts underlying the Global Gender Gap Index. First, it focuses on measuring gaps rather than levels. Second, it captures gaps in outcome variables rather than gaps in means or input variables. Third, it ranks countries according to gender equality rather than women’s empowerment.”
Using their methodology, they created rankings for 134 countries around the globe. The top five in their list were Iceland, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and New Zealand. Before you get to the U.S. at #31, you pass by South Africa (#6), Lesotho (#10), Sri Lanka (#16), Mongolia (#22), and Cuba (#29), to name a few. (Remember — it measures gaps, not levels, so this doesn’t mean a woman’s life in Cuba is necessarily better than that of a woman in the U.S., but the gap is greater.)
According to the U.S. country profile, education and health are strong points, with equality more or less being established (ranking #1 overall for educational attainment). However, economic and political equality leave something to be desired (the U.S. ranked #61 in political empowerment, with 1 female for every 5 males in “parliament,” as they denote it).
So what does all this mean for us here in the States? Well, for starters, it shows that while we may say men and women are equal, the end results don’t point that out. We may educate women equally, and they may even live longer (on average) than men, but women here do not possess the same economic resources and wealth as men and are not represented in government even close to equally. We must again recognize the systematic structures in place creating these disparities and work to truly make women and men equal, in this country and around the world.
(As a side note, I found out about this report though an article that appeared in The Nation. As readers wrote in response to that article, there are some areas for critique of that article and the report itself, but regardless of comparing the U.S. to other countries, the fact of continued inequality in certain areas of society here in the U.S. still needs to be noted and addressed.)